18
May

The circuit wiring in the garage

Most garage is used not only as a place tovehicle content, but also as a workshop, utility room, a warehouse of spare parts and tools. To work comfortably, you need well thought-out scheme of the wiring in the garage that can meet the needs of the master. Usually, it involves the installation of a number of lighting fixtures and sockets intended for connecting electrical equipment. Therefore, the wiring harness in the garage with his hands – not a difficult task, but it is important to ensure the best quality of fastening of wires and accessories.

Features of the wiring installation in the garage 
The main criteria for the network wiring in anyutility room are security and functionality. In this case, although the aesthetics goes to the third plan, it is advisable to do the wiring hidden: if the cables are protected from external influences. In some cases, this option is difficult, for example, if the wall structure made of sheet metal, and they can not Stroebe done. In this case, it is recommended to carry out the wiring in the garage with metal boxes, corrugated pipes, hoses.

Attention! To equip the premises need electroaccessories with a high degree of protection against moisture and dust. It is best to buy switches and sockets IP44 class. Cables must have good insulation.
On start-mounted switchboardgrounding device. Then connect the wiring diagram in the garage will meet the safety requirements. It is important that the grounding device resistance is not greater than 4 ohms. If the room is planned installation of a three-phase power supply system, before starting work you need to apply for permission vmestnyyEnergosbyt, providing technical conditions of the project.

Preparing the cabling diagrams and installation devices 
Energosbyt need and wiring diagramsingle-phase wiring in the garage, you need to develop your own, and then adjust according to the requirements of professionals. If the power system is not a three, and two-phase, prepare a scheme is still required – this time for yourself. In either case, you need to adhere to the following rules:

in the scheme need to accurately depict the location of allsockets, switches, lamps and boxes. It is desirable to distribute the lighting so that in the darkness there was not one corner of the room. The same applies to sockets – access to them must be everywhere;
Scheme wiring in the garage is indicatedsingle straight lines that cross each other at right angles. Lines connect network elements in a logical sequence: socket – switch – light. All cables differ from the switchboard;
it is necessary to take into account the layoutelectricity. So, the main switch should be placed to the right of the gate space at a height of 150 cm above the floor. Sockets are set at a height of 50 cm above the floor, and the cable is mounted on a 10 cm below the ceiling.
Installation of network
Required tools
When the wiring is made in a garage, it is necessary to take care of the required tools and materials. As a rule, you need to have on hand:

chisel, hammer, screwdrivers and pliers. It is important to handle the tool have been isolated;
Electrical appliances;
screws, screws and dowels;
plaster and insulation tape;
Drill with a set of several drills;
hammer – for rooms with concrete walls.
Carrying out wiring in the garage, it is betterjust use a cable with copper conductors. It is characterized by reliability, durability and long service life, but is expensive. Less price with aluminum wire, but less practical – it is able to pass a current of 2.5 times lower than copper. Accordingly, the choice of aluminum cable it is necessary to take into account the possible load on the network in the room. Besides wires, you must purchase podhodyaschuyuelektrofurnituru with safety boxes, corrugated pipes, adapters and transformers.

Construction of the outside of the wiring 
As a rule, wiring in the garagewith his own hands is performed in two stages: first – the supply cable to the building and the second – internal wiring arrangement. Construction of the outer part of the electricity network provides wire branch from the power line to the garage. This can be done by laying the cable in the air or under the ground. If you choose the first option, the wire is placed at a height of not less than 6 meters above the highway, and 3.75 meters over the pedestrian paths. For the construction of the wire must lie at an altitude of more than 2.75 meters. Cable connection to the garage is carried out with the use of insulators. As an option – installation of the wires using trubostoyki passed through the roof. The distance between the cable and thus the roof must be at least 2 meters.

Important! To comply with the requirements, in some cases, between the transmission line and the construction may require additional supports.
If the wiring in the garage with his handslaid underground, the cable is laid to a depth of at least 80 centimeters and protect steel duct. Hole for wiring entry to the room prepared in advance. Indoor cable is connected to the switchboard, where the fuses are mounted and counter. This also applies to the case where the wiring allowed in the air.

Installation of wiring indoor

Most garage is used not only as a place tovehicle content, but also as a workshop, utility room, a warehouse of spare parts and tools. To work comfortably, you need well thought-out scheme of the wiring in the garage that can meet the needs of the master. Usually, it involves the installation of a number of lighting fixtures and sockets intended for connecting electrical equipment. Therefore, the wiring harness in the garage with his hands – not a difficult task, but it is important to ensure the best quality of fastening of wires and accessories.

Features of the wiring installation in the garage 
The main criteria for the network wiring in anyutility room are security and functionality. In this case, although the aesthetics goes to the third plan, it is advisable to do the wiring hidden: if the cables are protected from external influences. In some cases, this option is difficult, for example, if the wall structure made of sheet metal, and they can not Stroebe done. In this case, it is recommended to carry out the wiring in the garage with metal boxes, corrugated pipes, hoses.

Attention! To equip the premises need electroaccessories with a high degree of protection against moisture and dust. It is best to buy switches and sockets IP44 class. Cables must have good insulation.
On start-mounted switchboardgrounding device. Then connect the wiring diagram in the garage will meet the safety requirements. It is important that the grounding device resistance is not greater than 4 ohms. If the room is planned installation of a three-phase power supply system, before starting work you need to apply for permission vmestnyyEnergosbyt, providing technical conditions of the project.

Preparing the cabling diagrams and installation devices
Energosbyt need and wiring diagramsingle-phase wiring in the garage, you need to develop your own, and then adjust according to the requirements of professionals. If the power system is not a three, and two-phase, prepare a scheme is still required – this time for yourself. In either case, you need to adhere to the following rules:

in the scheme need to accurately depict the location of allsockets, switches, lamps and boxes. It is desirable to distribute the lighting so that in the darkness there was not one corner of the room. The same applies to sockets – access to them must be everywhere;
Scheme wiring in the garage is indicatedsingle straight lines that cross each other at right angles. Lines connect network elements in a logical sequence: socket – switch – light. All cables differ from the switchboard;
it is necessary to take into account the layoutelectricity. So, the main switch should be placed to the right of the gate space at a height of 150 cm above the floor. Sockets are set at a height of 50 cm above the floor, and the cable is mounted on a 10 cm below the ceiling.
Installation of network
Required tools
When the wiring is made in a garage, it is necessary to take care of the required tools and materials. As a rule, you need to have on hand:

chisel, hammer, screwdrivers and pliers. It is important to handle the tool have been isolated;
Electrical appliances;
screws, screws and dowels;
plaster and insulation tape;
Drill with a set of several drills;
hammer – for rooms with concrete walls.
Carrying out wiring in the garage, it is betterjust use a cable with copper conductors. It is characterized by reliability, durability and long service life, but is expensive. Less price with aluminum wire, but less practical – it is able to pass a current of 2.5 times lower than copper. Accordingly, the choice of aluminum cable it is necessary to take into account the possible load on the network in the room. Besides wires, you must purchase podhodyaschuyuelektrofurnituru with safety boxes, corrugated pipes, adapters and transformers.

Construction of the outside of the wiring
As a rule, wiring in the garagewith his own hands is performed in two stages: first – the supply cable to the building and the second – internal wiring arrangement. Construction of the outer part of the electricity network provides wire branch from the power line to the garage. This can be done by laying the cable in the air or under the ground. If you choose the first option, the wire is placed at a height of not less than 6 meters above the highway, and 3.75 meters over the pedestrian paths. For the construction of the wire must lie at an altitude of more than 2.75 meters. Cable connection to the garage is carried out with the use of insulators. As an option – installation of the wires using trubostoyki passed through the roof. The distance between the cable and thus the roof must be at least 2 meters.

Important! To comply with the requirements, in some cases, between the transmission line and the construction may require additional supports.
If the wiring in the garage with his handslaid underground, the cable is laid to a depth of at least 80 centimeters and protect steel duct. Hole for wiring entry to the room prepared in advance. Indoor cable is connected to the switchboard, where the fuses are mounted and counter. This also applies to the case where the wiring allowed in the air.

Installation of wiring indoor
Take care of how to do the wiring ingarage, is necessary after entry into the premises of the cable. cable installation method – open or hidden – is selected depending on the wall material. If the garage is made of steel sheets, allowed for the wiring and its walls closed duct of metal or plastic. In this case, it is recommended to use a protected unarmoured cables and flat cables.

To fix the wiring open wayor applied tin dowels brackets, which are installed at a distance from each other by not more than 40 centimeters. Required electrical wiring in a garage is performed in the horizontal position, the distance from the ceiling of the cable in this case is 20 centimeters.

If the building is made of stone or brick, thethe best option – unfinished. The walls are Stroebe depth of 0.5-0.6 cm for laying cables. Mounted cables are fixed with nails. After the work is done, Stroebe carefully laid plaster.

Important! Connecting the ends of the wires when installing a hidden need to solder. It is necessary to connect the wiring is not oxidized and is not untwisted in the garage.
Proper installation of wiring in the room will allowuse it for 30 years – this is the estimated useful life of cables and electrical equipment. If necessary, the defective elements can be easily replaced. We should not forget about safety precautions: with wiring work only after it is de-energized, and the tool must be insulated handle.

Take care of how to do the wiring ingarage, is necessary after entry into the premises of the cable. cable installation method – open or hidden – is selected depending on the wall material. If the garage is made of steel sheets, allowed for the wiring and its walls closed duct of metal or plastic. In this case, it is recommended to use a protected unarmoured cables and flat cables.

To fix the wiring open wayor applied tin dowels brackets, which are installed at a distance from each other by not more than 40 centimeters. Required electrical wiring in a garage is performed in the horizontal position, the distance from the ceiling of the cable in this case is 20 centimeters.

If the building is made of stone or brick, thethe best option – unfinished. The walls are Stroebe depth of 0.5-0.6 cm for laying cables. Mounted cables are fixed with nails. After the work is done, Stroebe carefully laid plaster.

Important! Connecting the ends of the wires when installing a hidden need to solder. It is necessary to connect the wiring is not oxidized and is not untwisted in the garage.
Proper installation of wiring in the room will allowuse it for 30 years – this is the estimated useful life of cables and electrical equipment. If necessary, the defective elements can be easily replaced. We should not forget about safety precautions: with wiring work only after it is de-energized, and the tool must be insulated handle.

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